Oil and gas refineries have to shut down production periodically to perform repairs. These shutdowns create numerous employment opportunities for industrial craft personnel and helpers.

REFINERY TURNAROUNDS

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 CAREERS IN lOUISIANA – LA WORKS

The Louisiana Industrial Employers Jobs Guide is geared to Careers in Louisiana in the construction industry, refinery turnarounds, Louisiana manufacturing, and offshore oil and gas drilling and production.

Industrial Careers in Louisiana;

Administrators, Boilermakers, Bottle Watch, Brick Layers, Carpenters, Cement Finishers, Chemical Cleaning Personnel, Construction Managers, Crane Operators, Dispatchers, Drillers, Drywall Installers & Finishers, Electricians, Engineers, Entry Attendants, Equipment Operators Expediters, Fitters, Fire Watch, Inspectors, Instrument Technicians, Ironworkers, IT Professionals, Laborers, Millwrights, Offshore Operators, Painters, Pile Drivers, Planners, Pipe fitters, Quality Control, Refinery Operators, Riggers, Roustabouts, Roughnecks, Safety Managers & Technicians, Sandblasters, Scaffold Builders, Sheet metal Workers, Ship Fitters, Timekeepers, Truck drivers, welders and more.

A  Refinery turnaround is a planned, periodic shut down (total or partial) of a refinery process unit or plant to perform maintenance, overhaul and repair operations and to inspect, test and replace process materials and equipment. There are numerous refineries in Louisiana that create jobs in various industrial crafts.

 

Louisiana Industrial Employers Jobs Guide may also be of help in finding employment. The Jobs Guide has a listing of 1000 job leads that include manufactures and refineries that have websites where as you can apply for employment on line. Also listed are Construction, Turnaround and offshore contractors that may be looking for experienced craftsmen or helpers and even entry level employees. There are jobs out there you simply need to know where to look.

The Louisiana Industrial Jobs guide was developed to assist people looking for employment in the Industrial Turnaround setting. This jobs guide is a formal introduction to the companies that perform oil refinery turnaround services. Oil refineries and chemical companies also hire their own personnel for operations, maintenance and safety. Their names, locations and websites have been listed. This guide is also a formal introduction to contractors that service the offshore oil industry and the construction industry.

Here are some key Turnaround facts:

  • Turnarounds allow for necessary maintenance and upkeep of operating units and are needed to maintain safe and efficient operations.
  • Turnarounds are scheduled at least 1-2 years in advance and do not necessarily focus on the same operating units.
  • In assessing whether to delay a turnaround, a refiner has to include the opportunity cost of a possible unplanned shutdown resulting from the decision to delay the turnaround.
  • Depending on the process unit and the amount of maintenance needed, the length of the turnaround can vary from 1 week to 4 weeks or more.
  • A major turnaround usually will involve the crude unit or the catalytic cracking unit and will result in a more significant decrease in the utilization rate than a minor turnaround that may involve units such as the alkylation unit, isomerization unit or sulfur plant.
  • Not every unit is impacted during every turnaround. For example, the industry average is about 4 years between turnarounds catalytic cracking units.
  • A turnaround is not necessary to enable a refinery to shift from gasoline mode to distillate mode. However, if a turnaround is planned, it is possible to take steps, such as catalyst upgrades, that could improve the distillate yields.
  • In general, the less often units are started up and taken down, the better (safer) it is since refinery incidents are more likely to occur during these occasions.

Thinking that working a turnaround is right for you? Let the Louisiana Industrial Employers Jobs Guide help your employment search.

The Louisiana Industrial Jobs guide is Geared Toward Louisiana Construction Jobs, Turnaround Jobs, Careers in Oil Refining and Maintenance, and Employment in the Offshore Oil and Gas Industry in the Gulf of Mexico. The Jobs guide was developed to assist people looking for employment in the Industrial setting. The names, locations and websites of over 1000 potential employers have been listed.

There are Industrial Jobs and employment out there but you need to know where to look. Most of those jobs don’t hit the newspapers or the on line job posting because most Industrial Employers have their own websites and their own work force data base. Search our jobs guide, and decide what type of employment is right for you. Contact those employers and apply or send your resume. You have to become a part of their data base. Follow up on your application or your resume regularly. You have to be aggressive in todays job market. Good luck with yout job search.

Let’s take a closer look at Oil Refineries and how the operate.

An oil refinery or petroleum refinery is an industrial process plant  where crude oil is processed and refined into more useful petroleum products, such asnaptha, gasoline, diesel fuel, asphalt base, heating oil, kerosene, and liquefied petroleum gas. Oil refineries are typically large, sprawling industrial complexes with extensive piping running throughout, carrying streams of fluids between large chemical processing units. In many ways, oil refineries use much of the technology of, and can be thought of, as types of chemical plants. The crude oil feedstock has typically been processed by an oil production plant. There is usually an oil depot (tank farm) at or near an oil refinery for storage of bulk liquid products.

An oil refinery is considered an essential part of the downstream side of the petroleum industry.

Operation

Crude oil is separated into fractions by fractional distillation. The fractions at the top of the fractionating column have lower boiling points than the fractions at the bottom. The heavy bottom fractions are often cracked into lighter, more useful products. All of the fractions are processed further in other refining units.

Raw or unprocessed crude oil is not generally useful in industrial applications, although “light, sweet” (low viscosity, low sulfur) crude oil has been used directly as a burner fuel for steam vessel propulsion. The lighter elements, however, form explosive vapors in the fuel tanks and are therefore hazardous, especially in warships. Instead, the hundreds of different hydrocarbon molecules in crude oil are separated in a refinery into components which can be used as fuels, lubricants, and as feedstock in petrochemical processes that manufacture such products as plastics, detergents, solvents, elastomers and fibers such as nylon and polyesters.

Petroleum fossil fuels are burned in internal combustion engines to provide power for ships, automobiles, aircraft engines, lawn mowers, chainsaws, and other machines. Different boiling points allow the hydrocarbons to be separated by distillation. Since the lighter liquid products are in great demand for use in internal combustion engines, a modern refinery will convert heavy hydrocarbons and lighter gaseous elements into these higher value products.

Oil can be used in a variety of ways because it contains hydrocarbons of varying molecular masses, forms and lengths such as paraffins, aromatics, naphthenes (or cycloalkanes), alkenes, dienes, and alkynes. While the molecules in crude oil include different atoms such as sulfur and nitrogen, the hydrocarbons are the most common form of molecules, which are molecules of varying lengths and complexity made of hydrogen and carbon atoms, and a small number of oxygen atoms. The differences in the structure of these molecules account for their varying physical and chemical properties, and it is this variety that makes crude oil useful in a broad range of applications.

Once separated and purified of any contaminants and impurities, the fuel or lubricant can be sold without further processing. Smaller molecules such as isobutane and propylene or butylenes can be recombined to meet specific octane requirements by processes such as alkylation, or less commonly, dimerization. Octane grade of gasoline can also be improved by catalytic reforming, which involves removing hydrogen from hydrocarbons producing compounds with higher octane ratings such as aromatics. Intermediate products such as gasoils can even be reprocessed to break a heavy, long-chained oil into a lighter short-chained one, by various forms of cracking such as fluid catalytic cracking, thermal cracking, and hydrocracking. The final step in gasoline production is the blending of fuels with different octane ratings, vapor pressures, and other properties to meet product specifications.

Oil refineries are large scale plants, processing about a hundred thousand to several hundred thousand barrels of crude oil a day. Because of the high capacity, many of the units operate continuously, as opposed to processing in batches, at steady state or nearly steady state for months to years. The high capacity also makes process optimization and advanced proces control very desirable.